THERMOPLASTIC MATERIALS – TABLE OF PROPERTIES

The table below gives a brief overview of the properties and applications for the majority of thermoplastic materials.  For more detailed information please go to the individual material pages elsewhere on this site.

Please Note: This page is for information purposes only. Rutland Plastics is an Injection Moulder and does not supply polymers.

The table is also available for download as a pdf document:

AbbreviationFull NameBrand NamesPropertiesApplications
ABSAcrylonitrile Butadiene StyreneCycolac,Magnum, NovodurTough, opaque, rigid, hard, high glossAutomotive, office machines, domestic appliances, refrigeration, pipe fittings
ASAAcrylonitrile Styrene AcrylonitrileLuran S, GeloyRigid, transparent, tougher alternative to StyreneAutomotive, telephones, traffic signs, electric fan components, wash basins
BDSButadiene Styrene Block Copolymer

(See also SBC/SBS)

KibitonTough, crystal clearMedical products, drawing instruments
EVAEthylene Vinyl Acetate CopolymerEvatane, EscoreneTough, semi-opaque, flexible, good low temperature propertiesFood packaging, surgical products, ice cube trays, bicycle saddles
HDPE (PE-HD)High Density PolyethyleneRigidex, LuteneTough, semi-rigid, translucent, excellent weatherability/chemical resistanceContainers, bottle crates, food storage boxes, housewares, dustbins, pipe fittings
HIPSHigh Impact PolystyreneLacqrene, Polystyrol, Styron A-TechRigid, hard, translucentHousehold appliances, toys, disposable cups, toilet seats
LCPLiquid Crystal PolymerVectra, XydarHigh stiffness, excellent stability at high temperaturesPrecision parts, stainless steel and ceramic repalecement, electrical connectors, surgical instruments, dental tools
LDPE (PE-LD)Low Density PolyethyleneLupolen, Escorene, HostalenFlexible, translucent, durable, good weatherability/low temperature performance, excellent chemical resistanceLids and closures, containers, bins, laundry baskets
LLDPELinear Low Density PolyethyleneDowlex, Escorene, InnovexStronger and tougher than LDPE, better mechanical properties at low and high temperaturesClosures, screw caps, cold room containers, high quality housewares, toys
MDPE (PE-MD)Medium Density PolyethyleneMarlex, RigidexFits midway between High and Low Density PolyethyleneContainers, closures, pipe fittings
PAPolyamide (Nylon)
PA6Polyamide 6 (Nylon 6)Akulon, Ultramid, TechnylRigid, tough, translucent, resistance to oils, good dialectric resistance, hard wearingGears, bearings, bushes
PA11Polyamide 11 (Nylon 11)Rilsan, Lubricomp, Thermocomp, GrilamidAs for Nylon 6 but better performance over wider range of temperaturesCable ties, aircraft battery cases, sports equipment
PA12Polyamide 12 (Nylon 12)
PA46Polyamide 46 (Nylon 46)Stanyl
PA66Polyamide 66 (Nylon 66)Zytel, Maranyl, AkulonHigher impact strength and better low temperature properties than Nylon 6Automotive fans, door handles and filters, kitchen appliance housings
PAA6PolyarylamideIxefHigh rigidity, excellent strength, high temperature performance comparable to metalsAutomotive under bonnet components and door handles, electric motor housings, furniture
PBTPolybutylene TerephthalateArnite, Valox, CelanexRigid, extremely tough, clear, wide operating temperature rangeAutomotive windscreen wiper arms and door handles, electronic parts, household appliances
PCPolycarbonateCalibre, Makrolon, LexanRigid, tough, excellent impact resistance, good weatherability and dimensional stabilityMedical, glazing, lighting, CDs/DVDs, spectacles, safety helmets, automotive light covers and clear roof panels
PC/ABSPolycarbonate/ABS blendBayblend, PulseCombination of PC and ABS propertiesSimilar applications to ABS but where greater toughness required
PEPolyethyleneRigidex, Lupolen
PEEKPolyether EtherketoneVictrexOutstanding stability at wide temperature range, high cost, specialistChemotherapy devices, surgical tools, microwave grills
PEIPolyetherimideUltemHigh strength, excellent flame and heat resistanceMedical devices, electrical insulators, pharmaceutical process equipment
PETPolyethylene TerephthalateArnite A, Impet, ValoxTough, good impact strength, clear, good high temperature performanceBlow moulded bottles
PESPolyethersulphoneRadel A, VictrexTough, wide operating temperature, self-extinguishingMicrowave grills and dishes, medical respirators, dental reamers
PMMAPolymethyl Methacrylate (Acrylic)Diakon, PlexiglasHard, rigid, crystal clear, good weatherabilityLenses. Lighting covers (indoor and outdoor), automotive rear light lenses
POMPolyoxymethylene (Acetal)(Polyformaldehyde)Delrin, Hostaform, IupitalRigid, very tough, translucent, good dimensional stability and electrical propertiesGears, bearings, electric kettles, plumbing fittings, valve and pump housings, automotive fuel systems
POM-HAcetal HomopolymerDelrin, Hostaform, IupitalHigher rigidity and resistance to fatigue than copolymers
POM-KAcetal CopolymerDelrin, Hostaform, IupitalBetter resistance to hot water and alkalis and better long term temperature properties than homopolymers
PPPolypropyleneNovolen, Capilene, InnoveneSemi rigid, translucent, excellent chemical resistance, good recyclabilityCrates and bins, housewares, washing machine drums, plumbing fittings, kettle bodies, automotive bumpers and dashboards
PPEPolyphenylene EtherNorylSee PPO
PPOPolyphenylene Oxide (usually modified – PPO-M)Noryl, LuranylRigid, tough, opaque, wide operating temperature, excellent dialectric properties, may be self extinguishingWashing machine, dishwasher and pump components, electrical and automotive components
PPSPolyphenylene SulphideFortron, RytonRigid, tough, high temperature resistance (continuous use up to 240C), good mechanical and insulation propertiesOften used as aluminium replacement, connectors, terminal blocks, sockets, coil formers, relay components, automotive ignition parts
PPVC   (PVC-P)Plasticised Polyvinyl ChlorideSolvic, VinnolFlexible, strong, high abrasion resistance, good weathering propertiesFootwear, garden hoses, electric cable insulation
PS (GPPS)PolystyreneLacqrene, PolystyrolRigid, high gloss and transparency, brittleToys, disposable tumblers, containers
PSUPolysulphoneUdelTough, wide operating temperature, self-extinguishing, amber colour,Microwave grills and dishes, dental reamers, dialysis equipment, stainless steel and glass replacement for milk collection equipment
PVCPolyvinyl Chloride
PVDFPolyvinylidene FlourideKynar, SolefStrong, tough, excellent chemical and heat resistance and UV stability, translucent milky whiteValves, pumps and bearings, mainly in the chemical process industries
SANStyrene Acrylonitrile CoplymerTyril, LustranRigid, tough, transparent, resistant to oils and greasesAutomotive real lamp covers and reflectors, refrigerator doors and trays, washing machine trims and windows, quality kitchen utensils
UPVC   (PVC-U)Unplasticised Polyvinyl ChlorideCorvic, GeonRigid, tough, good weatherability, flame retardant, usually clearReplacement windows and doors, pipes and fittings, rainwater goods and bottles
PP-EPDMRubber Modified/Reinforced PolypropyleneAlfater XL, KeltanTough, flexible, off-whiteAutomotive bumpers and door protection strips
SBC/SBSStyrene Butadiene Styrene Block CoplymerStyroluxTough, less brittle than GPPS, crystal clearCentrifuge tubes, medical bottles and mouth tubes, pens and drawing instruments
TPEThermoplastic Elastomer (Rubber)Flexible, good low temperature propertiesRubber replacement, automotive gaiters, seals and gaskets.  Used for overmoulding to provide ‘soft-touch’.
TP-EEThermoplastic Elastomer – Ether EsterArnitel, Hytrel
TPRThermoplastic Rubber (Elastomer)
TPVThermoplastic Elastomer or Rubber – CrosslinkedSantoprene, Lamod
TPUThermoplastic PolyurethaneElastolan, EstaneRange from hard and rigid to soft and flexible, better abrasion and tear resistance than rubber, excellent weatherability and UV resistanceBellows, diaphragms, gaskets and seals, machinery mounts, shoe soles and heels.  Overmoulding, especially in automotive interiors
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